Strep throat without tonsils

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Posted on 3rd January 2014 by admin in Articles

Strep throat is usually suffered in tandem with tonsillitis, even though the infection is not only in the tonsils. The common perception that a child who has had its tonsils removed is immune to strep throat is erroneous. As a matter of fact, tonsillectomies are not recommended for every child, although children suffering repeatedly from tonsillitis and strep throat in the year may be recommended for the procedure. Deciding to have a child’s tonsils removed is not without risks. Similar to other surgeries, bleeding is a risk when the operation occurs, as well as complications resulting from anesthesia and general process of undergoing surgery. This is why a look at the child’s overall health is incredibly important before deciding on this course of treatment.

Strep throat tends to be more popular among children and adolescents, but it can actually affect adults as well. In medical terms, the streptococcus pyogenes is a gram-positive bacterium of the Group A of the Streptococcus bacterium and is accountable for this type of infection. This bacteria may lodge itself in the nose and throat for long periods of time without making itself known. Conversely, it may manifest itself in people whose immune system is compromised. This bacteria is able to manifest itself through different conditions such as scarlet fever, sore throat and impetigo because of the existence of M proteins in the cell and its ability to produce exotoxins.

Direct contact and exposure to respiratory secretions of people affected with strep throat is what facilitates its spread. After being exposed, there is a lapse or incubation period between 2 and 5 days in which the newly affected subject will begin to show symptoms. It is this incubation period when the danger of others becoming infected is heightened.

Testing for strep throat is quite unpleasant, but necessary for doctors to confirm their suspected diagnosis and selecting a course of treatment. The test for strep throat involves using a swab similar to a Q-tip and taking a culture from the back of the person’s throat. As the swab touches the back of the throat, many people experience a gag reflex that is very uncomfortable. The results of the test are obtained at the doctor’s office after a mere 15 minutes. Should the test be negative, but the medical professional has the suspicion that the bacteria is present, he may choose to begin the treatment for strep and ask for more specialized testing on the sample from a larger laboratory.

Treatment and Diagnosis

The diagnosis of strep throat can be done easily and quickly with one of the following tests:

  • Throat Swab
  • Rapid Strep Test

Antibiotics are usually the treatment of choice for strep throat. Cefprozil, azithromycin, cefadroxil, cephalexin and amoxicillin are among the most popular antibiotics prescribed for the treatment of strep throat. The danger of not treating it is the spread of the infection within the body and to others, both of which should be avoided. Even when antibiotics are already attacking the infection, there are a few days in which the bacteria is still contagious to others. As a result, taking the necessary precautions to take care of other members of the family, classmates, etc. is very important. Some homemade solutions are also helpful in fighting strep throat including using saline water and gargling with it, as well as adding herbal tea to one’s day for further relief.

Over the counter water pills

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Posted on 25th December 2013 by admin in Articles

Water retention can lead to bloating and weight gain. This water can be eliminated from the body by taking OTC water pills. When excess water is flushed out of your system, you will feel more energetic. Water pills can also act as an appetite suppressant which can help you feel full even if you have not had a lot to eat. Aqua-Ban and Diurex are the two most popular brands of water pills that are used to aid weight loss and is reported that these two brands will not make you feel drained of energy. Water pills are relatively safe as long as the recommended dose is not exceeded. However, you should still consult your doctor before you begin to take these pills. Health complications may occur if the pills are taken for a prolonged duration. Water pills act as a diuretic and increase the amount of water and salts that are expelled by the kidneys.

A question that is often asked is whether it is a fact that water pills can be used to aid weight loss or whether this is just a myth. It is claimed that if the pills are consumed on a regular basis then the body will lose water weight. It is true that these pills may help you to lose water weight as the body is composed of over 60% water. However, they cannot help with losing body fat and because of this any weight that is lost while taking water pills will be regained as soon as you stop taking the pills. In order to be effective and to prevent regaining weight, these pills need to be taken alongside a low calorie diet that us combined with regular exercise.

What Ingredients Are Found In Water Pills?

– St John’s Wort. St John’s Wort is a herb that is commonly used in anti-depressant medications. There have been no studies that prove that St John’s Wort has any effect on weight loss. A doctor should be consulted before taking water pills that contain St. John’s Wort as it can interfere with other medications including heart medications and blood thinners.

– Cascara. Cascara is a strong laxative that has been approved by the FDA.

– Chitosan: Chitosan is found in the bones of shrimp, crabs and other shellfish. It is a starch that binds with fatty acids. The fat is then removed from the body because it cannot be absorbed. Side effects of Chitosan include gas, an upset stomach. constipation and skin rash.

– 5-hydroxytryptophan. 5-hydroxytryptophan is an extract of a plant seed that is found in West Africa. The FDA are concerned that this ingredient may have a negative effect on the liver if it is taken in large doses.

All other options for losing weight should be exhausted before using OTC water pills for weight loss. It should be remembered that these pills will only flush away water and they do not burn any excess body weight. However, taking these pills are unlikely to cause any short term or long term side effects.

Atrophic kidney

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Posted on 23rd December 2013 by admin in Articles

When an organ is reduced in size due to an ailment or disuse this is known by the term atrophy. The shrinkage in size of one or both of the kidneys may be known as atrophic kidney or renal atrophy. The kidneys shrink due to an inadequate blood supply, loss of nephrons or a combination of the two. The renal veins and arteries may also shrink due to loss of nephrons.

Renal atrophy can be caused by any condition which has a negative impact on the nephron function such as acute pyelonephritis, a urinary tract obstruction or a renal disease. Kidney function may also be negatively affected by ischemia which is caused by an inadequate flow of blood to the kidneys which leads to a decreased supply of oxygen and nutrients. The narrowing of the renal arteries which occurs when fatty deposits accumulate inside the arterial walls is known as atherosclerosis. This along with the formation of renal cysts can cause ischemia. Blood clots may cause renal artery occlusion which restricts blood flow to the kidneys due to a blockage in the major arteries. Renal atrophy may also be caused by reflux nephropathy. This condition causes damage the kidneys due to back flow of urine.

Thinning of the functional tissue of the kidney, a condition called renal parenchyma, may also be associated with renal atrophy. This condition is caused when increased pressure on the tissues or compression of the intra-renal veins and arteries lead to an obstruction in the urinary tract. The symptoms of this condition are similar to those of a urinary tract infection. People suffering from this condition may experience a frequent need for urination, blood in the urine and pain when urinating. Kidney atrophy is likely to lead to a great degree of kidney pain. The nephrons can also be damaged by obstructive uropathy. This condition interferes with the normal urine flow and can cause back pressure within the kidneys. The kidneys may begin to shrink in size and waste away due to the chronic loss of kidney function that may occur from this condition.

Diagnosis of Atrophic Kidney and Treatment

The underlying cause of renal atrophy needs to be determined by a doctor before an effective treatment plan can be devised. Imaging procedures such as an MRI or CT scan may be more help in diagnosing this condition than either intravenous urography or sonography would be. The extent of the damage to the kidneys will also be a factor when determining what treatment is necessary. Medications can be used to treat acute pyelonephritis or a urinary tract infection but dialysis is the only way to treat renal failure. Changes to lifestyle may also be needed. Kidneys can become damaged by excessive alcohol consumption and people who are prone to kidney disease should cut down on their alcohol intake. Increasing the amount of water that is drank and following a renal diet can help people who are suffering from a renal disease to take care of their kidneys.

Cirrhosis life expectancy

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Posted on 18th December 2013 by admin in Articles

Under normal circumstances, a healthy liver can repair a small amount of tissue damage without altering the life span of the individual. But, with cirrhosis, the damage done is far too severe and there aren’t enough remaining antioxidants to fight the free radicals. Cirrhosis causes scar tissue to develop on the liver, and this causes the liver perform improperly. Cirrhosis is very difficult to detect, because it is asymptomatic. This means that the person with the condition may not experience any symptoms of the disease until it has already progressed into its worst stage. There are a few cases where symptoms may become prevalent, however. These rare cases produce symptoms of rapid weight loss, loss of appetite, easy bruising, and/or bleeding. Cirrhosis is most often found during a test for some other type of disorder. Having an annually or bi-annually test for cirrhosis will increase the chances of detecting this condition in its early stages, if the condition were to develop. Detecting cirrhosis early also improves the method of treatment used to treat it.

As per the Child-Pugh scale, there are three ways to classify cirrhosis. The mortality rate of the patient depends on this score. To provide a scale to determine the score, the patient’s liver is compared to the condition of another cirrhosis patient’s liver. It is then assessed and the patient is then assigned a score that depends on the damage incurred. Class A, Class B, and Class C are three different types of scores that can be received. Class A is the best possible prognosis of the three, and has a life expectancy of 15 to 20 years. Class B is also still considered to be a good prognosis, as the life expectancy is around 6 to 10 years. Both Class A and Class B give the patient an adequate amount of time to seek advanced treatment options, such as a possible liver transplant. Class C patients aren’t as lucky. Their life expectancy is only 1 to 3 years.

Abstaining from alcohol and getting proper nutrition can slow the advancement of the disease, but, unfortunately, can’t reverse the condition. It can, however, considerably increase the life span of the patient. Drinking heavily will do the opposite, and will drastically shorten a cirrhosis patient’s life expectancy. Both Class A and Class B patients have bright chances of improving their life expectancy by exploring and taking advantage of various treatment options. Sadly, though, many Class A patients progress into Class B in a short period of time. This is because certain diseases and infections that require surgery can aggravate the liver. Conditions like ascites, encephalopathy, and gastrointestinal bleeding can severely affect the liver and worsen its condition — causing major complications in cirrhosis patients.

Class C patients have limited treatment options. To improve survival chances, alcohol needs to be completely eliminated and a healthy lifestyle needs to be lead. Liver transplants are a viable option, and can be arranged with the guidance of a doctor. Class A and Class B patients can cure cirrhosis with the assistance of certain types of medications. Still, care for the liver will need to be taken to assist with its healing. This can be done through diet and a healthy lifestyle.

Cirrhosis life expectancy relies upon the condition of the liver at the time of the diagnosis. To improve chances of an early diagnosis, be sure to get yourself checked regularly.

Cramping while pregnant

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Posted on 16th December 2013 by admin in Articles

Pregnancy can bring a lot of unexpected changes to the body. Cramping during pregnancy is one of these shocking changes. Many expectant mothers become concerned when they experience cramping, because it’s not something they’ve ever experienced before. There are many hormonal changes that take place when a woman becomes pregnant. A shifting in body posture and structure also take place. All of these changes put strain on the body in different ways, producing cramping sensations. Mild cramping is not at all abnormal during pregnancy. However, in some cases, it can be a sign that something may be wrong.

Causes of Cramping While Pregnant

Depending on the underlying cause, cramping can range from mild to severe. Below is a list of some of the main causes behind pregnancy cramping:

• Stretching Uterus – When the fetus expands, the ligaments, muscles, and organs surrounding the uterus are forced to expand with it — this puts a lot of pressure on the area. This can cause cramping near the lower region of the back and on both sides of the abdomen. A stretching uterus can especially be felt when shifting positions.

• Implantation – Implantation can cause stomach cramps felt in the first or second week of pregnancy. This is very similar to menstrual cramping. This will usually go away by the time there is a positive pregnancy test result.

• Pregnancy Complications – If cramping is accompanied by bleeding and spotting, this can be an indication that something is wrong. Constant or heavy bleeding can be a sign that a woman is about to miscarry. Minor spotting can also be a sign of miscarriage. Ectopic pregnancy, a very serious complication, is a condition that also causes cramping. With an ectopic pregnancy, the cramping is accompanied by sharp abdominal pains felt on one side. Bleeding and spotting may also occur with an ectopic pregnancy, but this is not always the case.

• Other Normal Causes – Women who experience issues with gas and constipation can experience related cramping towards the beginning of the pregnancy. When in the third trimester of pregnancy, as the uterus muscles begin to prepare for labor, they contract the uterus. These contractions can lead to stomach cramps that last for a minute or two. As the due date approaches, the frequency and intensity of these contractions and cramps will increase.

Remedies for Cramping While Pregnant

If the cramping is not accompanied by other symptoms, there are measures that can be taken at home to get relief from it. You can start off by changing body positions slowly. Apply a hot water bottle to the stomach and lower back region to alleviate minor ligament cramping. Mild exercises and walking can help rid cramps associated with gas. These exercises should only be done after first consulting with a doctor. Avoid standing or sitting in one position for extended periods of time. If you frequently get leg cramps at night, take a warm bath before bed to help relax the muscles. If the cramps are severe or persist for long periods of time, consult with a doctor. The doctor may prescribe you a vitamin or magnesium supplement. Lastly, be sure to stay hydrated and drink plenty of water.