Bruised sternum

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Posted on 31st August 2013 by admin in Articles

A bruised sternum is the result of having suffered a traumatic injury or having been exposed to an outside impact that causes injury to the sternum.

Costal cartilage connects the ribs to the sternum, which keeps the ribs intact and securely in place. The breast bone serves as a protector of the lungs and the heart from potential traumatic impact, and without it there would be a gaping hole in the center of the chest. Without the breast bone as a protective shield, any impact here would prove to be instantly fatal. A bruised sternum is the result of an injury to the breast bone that shields the lungs and the heart.

So what types of injuries can cause a bruised sternum? Often, bruised sternums occur during a car accident where the driver neglects to wear their seat belt. They also often occur during violent sports when protective chest gear has not been worn. Depending on the severity of the injury, the pain that is suffered afterwards can be quite excruciating. Coughing, particularly violent and forceful hacking, can cause bruising of the sternum as well. The breast plate is not the only form of protection provided for the organs in the chest. Ribs play a significant role in protecting the internal organs from damage. The ribs encircle the outward chest area and connect to the back.

Since it’s been established as to what can cause a bruised sternum, we will now discuss the signs and symptoms that occur after a physical blow has been received to the chest — which may indicate traumatic injury to the sternum.

• Tenderness
• Swelling
• Bruising
• Pain during movement
• Pain while breathing
• Sharp pain while laughing and/or coughing
• Chronic chest pain for several weeks

People afflicted with a bruised sternum will usually take small, shallow breaths to lessen the pain. However, these symptoms should not be ignored as they indicate a serious injury that can turn into a much bigger problem. Shallow breathing and infections can occur when left untreated. It is important to make an appointment with a doctor right away to make sure the breast plate hasn’t been fractured or some other serious problem hasn’t occured.

Treatment for Bruised Sternum

It can take up to 4 to 6 weeks for a bruised sternum to heal completely if the injury has not been too traumatic. Difficulty in the movement and twisting of the chest area will be experienced during this time, particularly if one needs to take deep breaths. It is vital that the patient breathes easily despite the pain, because holding it in can stunt the healing process. If the problems do not go away for longer than 4 to 6 weeks, be sure to follow up with a physician to make sure complications haven’t arisen. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (also known as NSAID) or opiates can be given to help with the inflammation and the pain. The NSAIDs are prescribed to the patient depending on the severity of the injury. However, these aren’t the only medications to be prescribed — others include: Fenoprofen, flurbiprofen, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, and naproxen.

Inflamed cervix

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Posted on 29th August 2013 by admin in Articles

An infection of the lower genital tract is more commonly known as cervictis. There are a number of causes of this infection. These can include the presence of certain sexually transmitted diseases, a cervical injury from the insertion of a foreign object into the vagina, from devices for birth control such as a cervical cap or diaphragm, from exposure to chemicals that cause irritation or in more serious cases by cancer. Some women do not seek medical attention for an inflamed cervix because they do not realise that their symptoms may indicate this condtion.

What Can Cause An Inflamed Cervix?

  • The insertion of a foreign object into the vagina may cause injury or irritation to the cervix.
  • Cervictis may be caused by an vaginal infection. It may also be caused by a sexually transmitted disease such as gonorrhea, chlamydia or trichomoniasis.
  • A woman can be at risk from a cervical infection by health conditions including HIV, Human Papillomavirus (HPV), genital herpes and genital warts.
  • An infection of the cervix can be caused by a forgotten tampon, prolonged exposure to chemicals and irrititation caused by chemicals in contraceptives.
  • Cervictis can be caused by an allergic reaction to latex in condoms or contraceptive spermicides.
  • Inflammation of the cervix can be caused by bacterial vaginosis. This condition is triggered by bacteria such as streptococcus and staphylococcus which can cause an infection. These bacteria increase very quickly and in an uncontrolled manner.

What Are The Symptoms Of An Inflamed Cervix?

The first symptom that may become noticeable when a genital tract disorder is present is a vaginal discharge that is foul smelling. This may become even more noticeable following menstruation.

  • The woman may experience a burning sensation when urinating.
  • If there is an infection or inflammation of the inner cervical wall then symptoms such as cervical inflammation and bleeding may be present.
  • Pain may be experienced in the abdomen or the lower back. Sometimes this pain may only be felt during intercourse.
  • Bleeding or spotting may be experienced during sexual intercourse or between periods.
  • The external genitals may become irritated and itchy. This is often followed by bleeding.

Other symptoms of an inflamed cervix include nausea and fever. Symptoms that an infection in the cervix has become more severe include pain in the abdomen, extreme vaginal itching and a foul smelling vaginal discharge that resembles pus and discharges profusely.

What Are The Treatments For An Inflamed Cervix?

If you experience a large amount of discharge from the vagina then you should seek medical advice immediately. This is even more important if other symptoms are present including chills, fever, dizziness, vomiting induced nausea and severe pain in the abdomen. The following methods of treatment may be offered by your doctor:

  • Questions may be asked about whether there is a history of sexually transmitted diseases and about the symptoms that are currently being experienced.
  • If the symptoms need to be investigated further then a physical examination may be recommended.
  • If the cervix shows any abnormalities than a sample of tissue or a biopsy may be taken.
  • Swabbing the cervix will allow a sample of pap smears to be collected by the doctor. If the pap smears are abnormal then this may be an indication of gonorrhea or chlamydia. If either of these are diagnosed then a cryotherpay may be recommended.
  • The vaginal lining and cervix can be examined by the doctor by inserting a speculum in the vagina. This will allow the doctor to check for redness, irritation and unusual discharge or sores.
  • If the tests show genital herpes is present then antibiotics or anti-viral medications may be prescribed.

Missed period but not pregnant

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Posted on 22nd August 2013 by admin in Articles

Chronically missed periods is known as amenorrhea. The condition is classified into 2 forms.

Primary Amenorrhea: This occurs when a girl reaches the age of 16 and still has not had her first period. This condition is rare and takes place if there are reproductive organ abnormalities in the cervix, vagina or uterus. The cause of primary amenorrhea is likely the late onset of puberty.

Secondary Amenorrhea: This happens when a woman misses her period for a consecutive three months. This can take place for several reasons. Here are some of the cause of secondary amenorrhea:

  • Drug and Medication- If a woman is taking potent medications to treat a disease, this can lead to missed periods. Chemotherapy drugs and antidepressants can often cause amenorrhea. Sometimes, taking contraceptives can make a woman miss her period as well. If you’re taking birth control to prevent pregnancy, talk to your gynecologist to determine if the medicine you’re using is making your menstrual cycle irregular.
  • Weight Issues- Issues with weight can also cause a woman to have a delayed or missed period. Overweight women often have problems with their menstrual cycles and fertility. However, women who are underweight may face the same health issue. It’s best for women to maintain minimum body fat in order to have regular periods. If body fat is too low, the natural flow of hormones can become disrupted, which can make periods irregular. Women who are trying to lose weight through intense exercise and crash diets may also experience missed periods.
  • Too Much Exercise- Participating in rigorous exercise for an extended period of time can also cause a woman to miss periods. This form of amenorrhea is common with female athlete who train intensely for a sporting event.
  • Menopause and Peri-menopause- Peri-menopause is the stage in a woman’s life when she transitions from being fertile to being non-reproductive. The woman’s menstrual cycle is very irregular during this time; Sometimes there may be heavy bleeding, and other times a woman could miss her period for months. This is largely due to the imbalance of the progesterone hormone, since this hormone regulates blood flow during a woman’s period. The imbalance of this hormone upsets the normal mentrual cycle and causes irregularity.

Stress- Stress is a problem for many people these days. When a woman is under too much stress, regardless of the reason for her stress, her body gives off GnRH, a hormone that directly interferes with regular menstruation; the hormone may also cause the mentsrual cycle to be temporarily non-existent. Releasing stress and finding methods for healthily coping with stress can help to regulate the menstrual cycle once again.

Chronic Disease- Women who are suffering from a chronic condition and have been taking medication for extended periods of time are likely to suffer from amenorrhea. This is often the case when a woman is experiencing thyroid issues. If you’re having problems with menstrual irregularity, along with symptoms like weight gain, hair loss or fatigue, you should have your thyroid checked. A series of missed periods can also be one of the main signs of polycystic ovarian syndrome.

Eye color meaning

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Posted on 17th August 2013 by admin in Articles

Much can be said about a person based on the color of their eyes. However, it is more about the genetic traits that you inherit than anything else. Personalities vary from person to person regardless of their eye color. Still, there may be some truth to the influence of eye color on personality, but this all depends on personal nature.

The chart below contains a list of the most common natural eye colors. Some of these colors may be rare, but they still do occur naturally among the human population — and, therefore, will be listed as well. People with darker eyes versus people with lighter eyes are said to be more outgoing, according to the experts. These experts also believe, though, that personality characteristics aren’t necessarily defined by physical characteristics, but rather by social activity and interaction.

It is important to note that there has been no formal research done regarding the association between eye colors and personality traits. These are merely observations that have been gathered over time and compiled to help answer questions regarding eye colors and their meaning.

Brown – Pertaining to the energy of the earth. Courage, creativity, endurance, energy, fertility, and growth are the associated traits. People with brown eyes are said to be uninterested in material gains and tendencies, and are also very grounded. Those with brown eyes are close with nature and are found to work best in a natural setting. They are also independent and strong.

Green – Youth, innocence, good health, vegetation, life-force, and freshness are the associated traits. People with green eyes also have the ability to heal. They are generally spiritual in nature but may not necessarily be religious. They are creative and vibrant, but are also compassionate beings.

Blue – Pertaining to the energy of the sky and the sun. Direct conscious thought is the associated trait. The color blue has often been thought to be related to clairvoyance and the ability to see visions of the past and of the future. People with blue eyes have a keen sense of observation, are assertive, direct, and are also full of vitality.

Hazel – Inner courage and independence are the associated traits. People with hazel eyes are highly empathetic, sensitive, have the ability to heal, and are highly exuberant.

Gray – Pertaining to the energy of weather and water. Mystery, change, and wisdom are the associated traits. It is said that those with gray eyes possess a deep inner strength that cannot be affected by external forces. People with gray eyes are sensitive and intense. They have the ability to adapt to their surroundings quite easily.

Black – Pertaining to the energy of the darkness of the night. Mystery, secretive, bewitching, worship, and sex are the associated traits. Very few people have black eyes. Those that have black eyes are found to be very sensual in nature and highly secretive. They seldom share much with others about themselves or their lives. By using their inner energy, there is a capacity for people with black eyes to develop psychic powers. They’re optimistic and competitive — always wanting to show that they are capable of doing something. They’re also very good at proving their worth.

Cranberry pills for uti

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Posted on 10th August 2013 by admin in Articles

Cranberries have long been used to relieve the symptoms of a wide variety of conditions. Cranberries provide a significant amount of antioxidants which are effective in fighting free radicals in the body and preventing infections and other ailments. They can be consumed in a number of different ways – including fresh or dried fruit, juice or pills. Cranberry pills are increasingly popular. They contain a concentrated form of cranberry juice and are readily available in health stores. One of the most common ailments they are used to treat are urinary tract infections – also known as UTIs.

Some of the known properties of cranberries that make them so effective against UTIs are:

  • They are rich in proanthocyanidins. This compound – which is similar to antibacterial drugs – fights Ecoli, one of the main bacteria that causes UTI.
    the anti-adhesive properties of proanthocyanidins also causes modification of the properties of the bacteria which prevents it from attaching to the inner wall of the urinary tract.
  • They contain citric acid. This causes an increase in hippuric acid levels in the urine which prevents the bacteria from spreading.
  • Another reason for the effectiveness of cranberries is that their compounds inhibit the production of a chemical called indole. This substance is released by the bodies of bacteria and is used to communicate between bacterial cells. Once this means of communication has gone, there is less risk of a UTI spreading and also more resistance to other local infections such as in the bladder.

Whilst cranberry pills have many benefits, there are also some noted side effects of which the user should be aware. These can either be due to incorrect dosage or to an allergic reaction to cranberry and its extracts.

Side effects to watch out for include:

  • If a person is allergic to cranberry this may present itself as skin rashes such as hives or small red boils and/or difficulty in breathing.
  • A person taking anticoagulants or antacids should be aware that cranberry pills may interfere with these drugs or reduce their effects.
  • Diabetics should not consume cranberry as its high sugar content is likely to increase blood sugar levels.
  • Some people may experience adverse reactions to cranberry in terms of stomach complaints – cramps, diarrhea, frequent urination, nausea.
  • Others may experience headaches, dizziness or nausea.
    in rare cases, cranberry has been known to cause kidney stones due to its oxalate content.

So if you are suffering from a UTI, cranberry is a solution to consider but, as always, it is best to consult a physician before embarking on any kind of supplement to treat a disease or infection. Also bear in mind that drinking plenty of fluids – particularly water – will help prevent a UTI in the first place so this should always be your first line of defense to maintain a healthy life, free from infection!